2C1.1(a), with id. 2C1.2(a). Employing that base offense level, the district court sentenced Gracie to forty-six months imprisonment on Count 22. Having preserved his right to appeal any sentence in excess of eighteen months of imprisonment, Gracie appealed. He contends that the district court erred in selecting the bribery guideline. For the following reasons, we disagree. II. Standard of Review Although we had previously treated a district court’s choice of guideline as predominantly a question of fact to be reviewed for clear error, United States v. Mariano, 983 F.2d 1150, 1158 (1st Cir.1993), we recently clarified that [w]e review the district court’s choice of guidelines de novo, and its attendant factual determinations for clear error. United States v. Almeida,710 F.3d 437, 439 (1st Cir.2013); accord United States v. Ihenacho, 716 F.3d 266, 276 (1st Cir.2013). III.

Syrian President Bashar al-Assad gives a news conference in 2009. (Dieter Nagl/AFP/Getty Images) SUBJECT: REQUEST FOR URGENT INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS PROPOSAL Dear United States, Hello I am Pres MR BASHAR ASSAD of Syrian Arab Republic. This is email with excitement opportunity for international communities. I am hold large stockpile deadly chemical for interest of one MR BAN KI MOON of United Nation and MR BARACK OBAMA of U.S. States. These chemicals for rebels/AlQaeda,not for civilians OK? Syrian Arab Republic is seek disposal chemical weapons, contain amount one (1) thousand tonnes (KG). We are require funds in amount U.S.$1BILLION for cost. Please I will advice that you contact me through my direct telefax number with all bank infos for dispose sarins. Sirs, Syrian Arab Republic is nation in difficult time, we have many expense with regards resistance to Western imperialism and for destruction of terrorism and also making instagrams . This transaction should be kept confidential. For your assistance as the account owner we shall deposit chemicals to United Nation, care of Pres MR VLADIMIR PUTIN of Moscow Russia, only on full receipt of funds plus 300 (four hundred) days or until MR BARACK OBAMA lose election. Your reply will be appreciated, YOUR SINCERELY, PRES BASHAR ASSAD. DAMASCUS SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC Max Fisher is the Post’s foreign affairs blogger. He has a master’s degree in security studies from Johns Hopkins University.

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